2007-11-06 : Crime, security in SA...

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2007-11-06 : Crime, security in SA...

Postby GOSA » Tue, 2007-11-06 11:16

http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1 ... 483C943656


Crime, security in SA...
Lee Rondganger
November 06 2007 at 08:08AM


There is nothing we don't already know when one flips through the
pages of the latest edition of the South Africa Survey 2006/2007 on
the section dedicated to crime and security.


South Africa has one of the highest crime rates in the world.


Police commissioner Jackie Selebi has been accused of having links to
the crime underworld, and Minister of Safety and Security Charles
Nqakula told people to stop whingeing about crime or leave the
country.


These and many other facts are all contained in the survey, but the
fact that it is presented in an academic form for world consumption
makes it startling, especially when comparison are made with other
countries. It is such detail that would have academics and crime
researches crunching numbers for hours.



Take for example the statistic on prison escapes, which, unlike some
aspects of crime, show a dramatic decrease.


According to the figures, there were 1 859 prison escapes during the
1977/78 financial year compared to just 112 for the 2005/06 period.
This is despite the fact that the prison population almost doubled
between those years, from 99 292 in 1978/79 to 150 302 in 2005/06.


Also interesting is the number of sworn police officers compared to
the number of active security officers.


According to the survey, there were 115 331 active security officials
in 1997 and by 2006 that figured jumped to 296 901. In comparison, in
1997, there were 110 177 police officers and by 2006 it had increased
by just 4 064 members to 114 241.


While the statistics show that the 21 most serious categories of crime
per 100 000 people dropped by 11,3 percent between 1994/95 to 2005/06,
it showed that rape increased by 22 percent over the same period, from
44 751 reported incidents in 1994/5 to 54 926 in 2005/06.


The murder rate per 100 000 people of the population, however, dropped
between 1994/95 and 2005/06, from 66,9 to 39,5 per 100 000 people.


However, when these figures are compared to 13 other countries, South
Africa is ranked top of the list.


While India had the most murders (37 170), South Africa still scored
higher - (21 995 murders) - when it came to the ratio per 100 000
people in the population. India has more than a billion citizens,
compared to South Africa's 47-million.


An alarming figure is the number of cases that get struck off the
roll. Between 2005/06 and 2006/07 there was a 7,8 percent increase in
the number of cases that had been struck off the roll, a jump from 81
838 to 88 245.


o This article was originally published on page 6 of The Star on November 06, 2007
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GOSA
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